Different national standards derived from a dialect continuum may be regarded as different languages, even if they are mutually intelligible . Are Macedonian and Bulgarian mutually intelligible? The population of the Republic of Macedonia was 2,022,547 in 2002, with 1,644,815 speaking Macedonian as the native language. If we go even further back, the Proto-Slavic langu… The Old East-Slavic language can be traced further back to the Proto-Slavic languagewhich is the common ancestor of all Slavic languages, spoken as far back as 4.000 years. At the same time, Macedonian is a Balkan language. Spoken as a first language by around two million people, it serves as the official language of North Macedonia. They can both be traced back to a common ancestor, Old East-Slavicwhich was the language spoken in Kievan Rus’, a federation between East Slavic and Finnic people in the 7th – 14th centuries. On the same subject, is it true that Macedonian and/or Bulgarian have mutual intelligibility with Bosnian-Serbian-Croatian-Montenegrin? 4 Dialect and language deﬁnition, though, they are mutually intelligible. Bulgaria is located at the crossroad between Europe and Asia, and the lands of Bulgaria have been populated since antiquity. Bulgarian - has long history of writing and was important in development of Galgoltic and Cyrillic script Bulgarian is largely mutually intelligible with which language? Albanian is a distinct branch of an Indo-European language which is seemingly totally unrelated to other European languages. Afrikaans: Dutch (partially) 2. 3. Macedonian and Bulgarian are fairly similar but they are not close to being fully mutually intelligible. If … History of the Macedonian language is similar to these topics: Languages of North Macedonia, Slavic dialects of Greece, Bulgarian language and more. Macedonian is also a recognized minority language in parts of Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Romania, and Serbia and it is spoken by emigrant communities predominantly in Australia, Canada and the United S… The two end points, Slovene and Bulgarian, are not mutually intelligible, but the transition between Serbian/Croatian and Macedonian, and Bulgarian and Macedonian is gradual and mutual intelligibility is high. Dari: Persian 8. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. The modern South Slavic languages form a continuum of a series of mutually intelligible dialects. Follow us on There are ethnic Macedonian minorities in neighbouring Albania, in Bulgaria, in Greece, and in Serbia. In phonology , Slovenian has less consonant distinctions (they mostly got rid of palatalised consonants while Polish evolved ternary system in sibilants) but more vowels distinctions (afaik they distinguished mid-close and mid-open vowels). Although morphologically related, the Lithuanian, Latvian and, particularly, Old Prussian vocabularies differ substantially from one another, and as such they are not mutually intelligible, mainly due to a substantial number of The Cyrillic alphabet, which was developed in Bulgaria during the 10th century, became the third official alphabet of the European Union after Bulgaria's accession. I almost never use Serbian and yet I suspect that I could understand more than 30% of it. I don't know whos idea it was but especially in technical terms, Bulgarian and Macedonian are not mutually intelligible. North Macedonia (Macedonian: Северна Македонија, … Red and gold originate from the country's past coats-of-arms. Specifically, the following research questions will be addressed: 1. The modern South Slavic languages form a continuum of a series of mutually intelligible dialects. Danish, Norwegian and Swedish. In fact Both were mutually intelligible as one and the same language, which was true until very approximately the second half of the 7th century. Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. Macedonian is an Eastern South Slavic language. @pfkw The closest language to Bulgarian is Serbian (leaving out the modern Macedonian that sounds to me more like a mixture between Serbian and Bulgarian). The Bulgarian language is a little more distantly related to the other languages in the broader Slavic language family, like Russian. Bulgarian and Macedonian speakers are able to understand each other when speaking each one his or her own language – for the most part. They share some words in common but their grammar is completely different and they are largely about as mutually intelligible … Outside of the Republic, there are Macedonians living in other parts of the geographical area of Macedonia. A lot but it depends: ~30% mutual intelligiblity. Macedonian belongs to the eastern group of the South Slavic branch of Slavic languages in the Indo-European language family, together with Bulgarian and the extinct Old Church Slavonic. Bulgarian is a South-Slavic language closely related to Macedonian. Bulgarian (and its very close relative Macedonian) represent a bit of a break because these languages lost their case system, but kept (and even expanded) the quite rich verbal system. Bulgarian is a Slavic language belonging to a group of South Slavic languages that includes Old Church Slavonic (a liturgical language), Slovene, Serbian/Croatian, and Macedonian. Likewise with Polish vs Czech, and Slovenian vs Standard Croatian (these pairs are the most commonly mistaken as mutually intelligible). Out of these 3, I believe Slovak is the closest to Bulgarian and everyday words and simple expressions are understood by both sides but anything A hot issue with Bulgarians is the view that Macedonian is not a separate language, but a dialect of Bulgarian. Thus, Bulgarian and Macedonian are mutually intelligible. The Cyrillic alphabet, which was developed in Bulgaria during the 10th century, became the third official alphabet of the European Union after Bulgaria's accession. Macedonian: According to Ethnologue, Macedonian is spoken by over 1.3 million people in Macedonia and over 2 million more around the world. --184.108.40.206 06:47, 20 … But the thing is Macedonians can understand Bulgarians more easily than Bulgarians can understand Macedonians. That is for the simple reason that Macedonian language is the original language responsible for exponential growth of pan-slavic languages. Are Macedonian and Bulgarian mutually intelligible? Bulgarians speak a Southern Slavic language which is mutually intelligible with Macedonian and to a lesser degree with Serbo-Croatian, especially the eastern dialects. Serbo-Croatian speakers can on the whole understand Macedonian better than Slovene. Macedonian is a language belonging to the group of South Slavic languages, which includes Bulgarian , Serbian, Croatian and Slovenian. German and Dutch. At the center is an eight-rayed sun, symbolizing liberty. Bulgarian and Macedonian share a lot of similarities and are therefore considered mutually intelligible to a high degree. As such they are not mutually intelligible (actually spoken Czech and Polish are not very mutually intelligible, yet they are in the same group). If Google does not have a Macedonian translation it needs to default to English. Other languages which can be considered mutually intelligible are: Italian, French and Spanish. Russian прямо (ahead) is прав in Bulgarian (the root means right in Russian), or еда (food) is храна (root means "to preserve" in Russian). Secondly, while we would normally consider German to be a So when I see Bulgarian, I can, in some cases, make out things quite easily, but compared with Belorussian and Ukrainian it's a lot less intelligible. Danish: Norwegian and Swedish (both partially) 7. Bulgarians - Wikipedia Modern versions of the alphabet are now used to write five more Slavic languages such as Belarusian, Macedonian, Russian, Serbian and Ukrainian as well as Mongolian and some other 60 languages … To what extent are Montenegrin and Bulgarian mutually intelligible at … Dialects or registers of one language sometimes considered separate languages Czech is a language belonging to the Slavic familyof languages, and more precisely, the West-Slavic and Czech-Slovac branch. One might even say that it is almost intelligible with Bulgarian and it is very similar to Serbian, but this does not make the three languages fully mutually intelligible . Speakers of these three languages can readily understand and communicate with one another. Since Macedonian and Bulgarian are mutually intelligible, share many common linguistic features and are socio-historically related, some linguists are divided in their views of … Some authors also classify the Torlakian dialects in this group. This means that Czech is related to such languages as Russian and Pro-western bulgarians will tell you "there is none", but don't believe them, the "pro-russian ones" will tell you - they''re the same - don't believe them either. The mother tongue and official language of the Czech Republic is the Czech language which is spoken everywhere in Czechia. It could be more but usually in written context. Russian, Belorussian and Ukrainian. Spoken by 7.6 million people, Albanian has 2 different dialects which are mutually intelligible: Tosk and Gheg. Italian is partially mutually intelligible with French, Catalan, Sardinian, Spanish, Ladin and Romanian Ethnologue estimates 89% lexical similarity with French, 87% similarity with Catalan (spoken in Southern Spain), 85% with Sardinian, 82% with Spanish, 78% with Ladin (spoken in Northern Italy) and 77% with Romanian. Thus, Bulgarian and Macedonian are mutually intelligible. – hippietrail Mar 4 '14 at 18:01 The only sense I can make of that "relation" is this: the ancient Balkan (Dacian-Thracian) substratum language that influenced Romanian (also Albanian and maybe Macedonian and Bulgarian) is … But the dialects of the two may differ a lot from each other depending on the area where they are spoken. 1. 2. level 1. While Bulgarian: Macedonian 5. Although they are both Slavic languages, they are from different branches - Macedonian being South Slavic and Russian being East Slavic. Most speakers can be found in the country and its diaspora, with a smaller number of speakers throughout the transnational region of Macedonia. Macedonian and Bulgarian (covered below) are mutually intelligible. Bulgarian is very closely related to Macedonian, the two languages being largely mutually intelligible. Bulgarian and Macedonian. Today it occupies a central position on the Balkan Peninsula. Relationship to Bulgarian. The historical and linguistic relationships between the Macedonian and Bulgarian languages are special and complicated. Macedonian researchers claim Macedonian is spoken in southwestern Bulgaria, whereas Bulgarian and Greek linguists argue Macedonian is a variety of Bulgarian. Dutch: Afrikaans (partially), West Frisian (partially), and Ger… Overall, Serbs understand Macedonian 90% but Macedonians understand Serbs 101%. Macedonian is a south-west Bulgarian dialect that was codified as a literary language in 1945 when Macedonia was formed as a separate republic within Yugoslavia. Yes, Bulgarian, its Macedonian variant included, and Serbian are mutually intelligible. One might even say that it is almost intelligible with Bulgarian and it is very similar to Serbian, but this does not make the three languages fully mutually intelligible. Azerbaijani: Turkish (partially) 3. Bulgarian and Macedonian are mutually intelligible, but I don't think any other slavs find them particularly easy to understand. Czech: Slovak 6. Nevertheless, I suppose that a month or two in any Slavic country would be enough for me to understand its language better than that. Re: Is Estonian mutually Intelligible with Finnish Post by Ivan Rumánek » 2018-03-19, 13:25 Levo wrote: I don't know about other nations in between us, but as for the languages I know, only Finno-Ugrian languages use "into the ass" as a swearing, like we Hungarians. Ukrainian and Russian are both East-Slavic languages, meaning that they are closely related. Czech, Slovak and Polish are the least intelligible from my Bulgarian point of view. Perhaps as mutually intelligible as English and Albanian. Originally the sun was in the form of the Vergina Sun, a symbol found on the tomb of King Philip II of … spoken and written Montenegrin and Bulgarian. Belarusian: Russian (partially) and Ukrainian 4. Macedonian is a language belonging to the group of South Slavic languages, which includes Bulgarian, Serbian, Croatian and Slovenian. The two end points, Slovene and Bulgarian, are not mutually intelligible, but the transition between neighbouring members, such as Serbian and Macedonian, and Bulgarian and Macedonian is gradual and mutual intelligibility is high.
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